Mel Stuart's Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a movie that people of my age tend to hold an unwavering affection for; smart, funny, imaginative, and a little creepy, it's a picture that holds up to the repeat viewing that any decent family film is invariably subjected to. Personally, I had more than one occasion where I watched it clear through, shrugged, hit rewind, and started it again (I'll hasten to add that, at ten years old, my video library hadn't quite bulked up yet). When you're introduced to a film this beloved at that age, you don't think about how it came to be, or examine it with much of a critical eye. It just is, a thing that exists, and it's marvelous.
But it is a film that I've revisited through the years, most recently its sleek new Blu-ray release, and as the critical eye develops, the movie's little flaws begin to show. This is not unusual; even the most beloved films can start to crack if you get old and grouchy and jaded enough. But none of my minor nitpicks--which I'll get to presently--can negate the considerable warmth and magic of this particular picture.
The story, as we all must know by now, concerns one Charlie Bucket (Peter Ostrum), a devastatingly poor slum kid who lives with his mother and his four bed-ridden grandparents. At night, his Grandpa Joe (Jack Albertson) tells him stories of the enigmatic, eccentric "candy man," Willy Wonka (Gene Wilder), who shut down his factory years before due to crippling corporate espionage. Then one day, mysteriously, the factory started turning out chocolate and candies again, even though, they whisper, "no one goes in... and no one comes out!"
But then news breaks that some will go in. Wonka has put out five "golden tickets" in Wonka bars, and the five lucky recipients (and one relative of each) will be allowed to come in to the Wonka factory for a tour, which will conclude with the gift of a lifetime supply of chocolate. The world goes bonkers. The first four winners hail from all over the world, but all are varying degrees of spoiled brat; poor Charlie doesn't seem to stand a chance, but then (in a wonderful sequence) he finds some money under a storm grate, buys two Wonka bars, and discovers that hard-sought flash of gold underneath.
Some of the first-act comic vignettes are desperately unfunny; the worldwide search for the tickets yields a couple of chuckles (and seems to predict the Cabbage Patch Kids and Tickle Me Elmo bloodbaths of later years), but the filmmakers appear to be biding their time, and repeat viewers will be impatient for the movie to get to the damned factory already. The Oompa-loompas have become fairly beloved figures in pop culture, so we tend to forget the fact that they are, for all intents and purposes, slaves (a fact made much clearer by the original descriptions and illustrations in Roald Dahl's novel); the implications leave quite a few unanswered questions. And the music is hit and miss; as joyful as "(I've Got a) Golden Ticket" is, and as memorable (for better or worse) as "Oompa Loompa, Doompa-Dee-Do" may be, is there anyone who couldn't do without the treacly "Cheer Up, Charlie"?
Those are the sum total of my critiques; this more critically-minded viewing yielded, for this writer, more clues as to what the picture does right. First and foremost, I'd never really appreciated the tremendous charisma of Ostrum, and how vitally important our sympathy for him was to the film overall. But his is a beautifully modulated piece of work, sweet without being cloying, and he shows admirable restraint in his delivery of potentially maudlin lines like "You know, I'll bet those golden tickets make the chocolate taste terrible." He's surrounded by a gallery of immortal characters; shrieking rich girl Veruca Salt ("Daddy, I want an Ooompa-loompa now!"), gum-chewing Violet Beauregarde, crass little Mike Teeveee. But the gifted character actors playing their parents have never really gotten their due; the great Roy Kinnear (veteran of countless Richard Lester pictures) is perfectly cast as the smugly put-upon Mr. Salt, while Dodo Denney exhibits near-perfect comic timing as Mrs. Teevee.
But from his entrance (nearly 45 minutes in), Gene Wilder owns the picture; it is his most iconic role (yes, even more than young Dr. Frankenstein), a performance of real depth and genuine comic invention. He's funny on several levels (his dryly half-hearted attempts to stop the bad kids from meeting their doom; the wide-eyed enthusiasm of his line, "the suspense is terrible... I hope it'll last"; his good-natured assurance, "I think that furnace is only lit every other day, so they have a good sporting chance, haven't they?"), and his timing is so good, he can even sell a third-rate joke like throwing a shoe into a candy mix because it "gives it a little kick." But there's nuance to his work; that trippy, terrifying boat ride is made infinitely creepier by his sinister line readings, and when he takes a dark turn and unleashes on Charlie and Grandpa Joe at the journey's end, Wilder doesn't pull any punches. It is a fabulous turn, and a strong anchor for this uncommonly rich and satisfying family film.
THE BLU-RAY DISC:
Willy Wonka arrives on Blu in Digibook packaging, the handsome, hardbound book-style casing Warner has previously used for JFK, Bonnie and Clyde, Midnight Express, and other prestige releases. Inside is a 40 page booklet with production notes, cast and crew bios, and song lyrics.
The 1080p, VC-1 transfer doesn't quite have the earth-shattering punch of, say, Warner's recent Wizard of Oz restoration, but it is a rich, robust colorful image. The contrast between the drab streets and slums of the first half and they eye-popping, literally candy-coated colors of the second (particularly when the guests enter the "chocolate room") is striking, and the colors have a nice zing to them; the movie does show its age somewhat, but the saturation is still quite pleasing. The 1.85:1 image is also nicely three-dimensional--check out the tight close-up of Slugworth introducing himself to Charlie, where he's crisp and clear in the foreground and blacks are full and deep in the background. Details are also nice and sharp (enjoy the shiny bubbles in the "fizzy lifting drinks" scene), and the near-Kubrikian white interiors and costumes of the "WonkaVision" sequence are clean and crisp. On the downside, skin tones skew somewhat pink, and grain is a little heavy in spots (mostly isolated exteriors, like during Charlie's frantic run home after finding his golden ticket), while picture quality takes a hit in effects shots like those involving the oversized geese or Violet's blueberry morph. Those complaints aside, it's a mighty sturdy transfer.
The disc's Dolby TrueHD 5.1 mix is strong, if slightly favoring the front of the soundstage. But it's still a vibrant, active track, with dialogue and lyrics plenty audible and clanging busses, wheezing machines, and bubbling mixtures spicing up the surround channels. The music reproduction is first-rate (I was particularly struck by the triumphant, brassy music during Charlie's run home), with the songs bouncy and dynamic.
English, French, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese language tracks are also included, as are no less than 13 subtitle options.
There are no new bonus features, but these holdovers from previous DVD and HD-DVD releases are still fairly decent. First up is an Audio Commentary with the so-called "Wonka kids"; all five are present, and proclaim that it's the first time they've been together since the production of the film. It's a little awkward at the beginning, though Julie Dawn Cole (Veruca Salt), the only one of the group still acting for a living, makes a valiant effort to keep the track humming. Eventually the group loosens up, though there are still quite a few dead spots; the insights of Wilder or director Mel Stuart would have been most welcome. However, both of those men (along with producer David L. Wolper and uncredited screenwriter David Seltzer) turn up in the wonderful featurette "Pure Imagination: The Story of Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory" (30:25). It's a step-by-step examination of the project, full of interesting trivia, funny stories, and vintage (and pretty beat-up) behind-the-scenes footage.
Much of that footage appears to have been culled from the "Vintage 1971 Featurette" (4:02), which mostly spotlights the design elements of art director Harper Goff. It's a nice throwback piece (one that is, charmingly, "Produced by Professional Films, Inc."). Next up are four "Sing-Along Songs" (9:04 total), which allow the viewer to croon along with "(I've Got a) Golden Ticket," "Pure Imagination," "I Want it Now," or "Oompa-Loompa-Doompa-De Doo," as the song's scene from the movie is shown along with on-screen, Karaoke-style text. It's a fun addition, though the clips are, disappointingly, full-frame and 2.0 only.
Finally, we have the original Theatrical Trailer (3:11), also in very rough shape, and whatever you do, don't watch it if you haven't seen the movie--it's astonishingly spoiler-filled, going up to and including the final moments of the film.
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a modern classic, and deservedly so; its clever construction, fairy tale sense of fair play, and wicked humor not only stand the test of time, but stand up to multiple viewings. The hipsters can have Tim Burton's blasphemous 2005 remake; this one is the genuine article.
Jason lives with his wife Rebekah and their two cats in New York and holds an MA in Cultural Reporting and Criticism from NYU. He is film editor for Flavorwire and is a contributor to Salon, the Atlantic, and several other publications. He blogs at Fourth Row Center and is yet another critic with a Twitter feed.