Years of parody and homage and outright emulation have done little to dim the magnificence of François Truffaut's third feature film, Jules and Jim. Watching Criterion Collection's excellent new Blu-ray of the 52-year-old French New Wave masterpiece, it's as easy as ever to be swept up in admiration and wonder.
All the elements of Jules and Jim combine brilliantly: Raoul Coutard's idiosyncratically fluid widescreen cinematography, Georges Delerue's alternately lush and playful musical score, Truffaut's precise yet seemingly freewheeling direction, the voice-over heavy script by Truffaut and Jean Gruault which tries to cram in as many brilliant lines from Henri-Pierre Roché's novel as it can, and the indelible performances by the three leads, Jeanne Moreau, Oskar Werner, and Henri Serre.
Jules (Werner) and Jim (Serre) meet in early-1910s Paris. Jules is Austrian, and Jim (pronounced as in English) is French. They become fast friends, who discuss poetry and chase women together. Then the free-spirited Catherine (Moreau) comes into their lives. Jules -- perpetually the wingman to Jim's Casanova -- calls dibs on being with Catherine, and Jim respects that claim, although the three of them become an inseparable band of playmates. Eventually, Jules decides to marry Catherine, though the more experienced Jim has misgivings that she could ever be tied down. Nonetheless, Catherine decides to give the marriage a shot. Then, World War I comes and sweeps each man to the ranks of his respective country's army. The men manage to make it through the war in one piece, and Jim meets up with his former playmates and their young daughter at their new home near the Rhine. As Jim had predicted, Catherine is now chafing at the bonds of marriage and reaches out to him. Jules gives Jim his blessing to be with Catherine, as long as it means she won't leave their home to be with some other lover, like boho troubadour Albert (Bassiak). But can Catherine ever be satisfied with only Jim and/or Jules?
Catherine is a tightrope of a role. Her whimsical nature could come off as fickle and aribitrary. She could be read as a self-centered villainess (by the end, I'm sure there are viewers who think of her this way). But Jeanne Moreau so totally inhabits this character as a three-dimensional person that all of her contradictions and seemingly random whims -- like drawing a moustache on her face and trying seriously to pass as a man or getting out of a tiresome conversation by jumping into the Seine -- are more than attention-grabbing stunts. They're honest expressions of a liberated spirit, uninterested in conforming to anyone's opinion of who she is or should be, especially not the opinion of the men she chooses to love. If there's an element of manic depression to Catherine's character, it not only galvanizes her as a tragic figure but goes a long way toward representing her complicated humanity.
In many ways, Jules and Jim take the backseat in their own movie. While neither of them are cardboard cut-outs, the two men's desires and attitudes are always far more straightforward and easy to track, which makes them less of a dynamic star attraction than Catherine. That said, Oskar Werner and Henri Serre do an exemplary job of inhabiting Jules and Jim in a way that is so natural that it makes the audience feel like we're not even watching performances. They take the overgrown boys of the early scenes and seamlessly transform them into the older, wearier, but probably not much wiser men of the second half of the film. When an essentially emasculated Jules explains to Jim halfway through the film that he has given up on the dreams he once had for Catherine and himself, Werner's performance is heartbreaking because it is played so small and real.
Despite its numerous moments of melancholy, Jules and Jim can't help but linger in the mind as an energetic, joyful film. The rapid montage of the early moments generates enough power to fuel the rest of the film -- not to mention the careers of countless fans-turned-filmmakers ever since (it's hard to imagine large portions of the work created by Martin Scorsese, Wes Anderson, Paul Thomas Anderson, and Noah Baumbach, to name but a few, without the first ten minutes of Jules and Jim). And, of course, there are so many indelible images: Shoot the Piano Player's Marie Dubois using a cigarette to show Jules her impression of a steam engine; the foot race between the three main characters with Catherine, in her boyish drag, taking advantage of a false start; the series of freeze frames on Catherine as she laughs and looks mischievously at her men at the peak of their happiness; and then Catherine singing Albert's song, "Le Tourbillon" ("The Whirlwind"), right as things are starting to go sour. These are just the handful that first come to mind.
While some might argue the supremacy of other entries in Truffaut's filmography over Jules and Jim, it stands as a unique moment where Truffaut the film historian, with the encyclopedic knowledge of all that had come before him, collided with Truffaut the book lover, who wanted to see his favorite unknown story brought to light, and Truffaut the hot-shot filmmaker, who was no longer green but was still willing to utilize new cinematic vocabulary that had yet to be codified. In that way, Jules and Jim might be Truffaut's most perfect film.
Like all of Criterion's new releases, Jules and Jim comes packaged as a Dual Format combo pack, with the film and supplements presented on both Blu-ray and DVD formats (in this case, one disc of the former and two of the latter). I did not previously own Criterion's 2005 DVD release to compare, but from the screencaps and other info I can find online, the DVDs included in this set are a newer transfer with new menus, but with the precise same allotment of bonus features from 2005 spread in the same fashion over the two discs. All of the identical bonus features fit snugly on the single BD.
The AVC-encoded 2.35:1 1080p transfer is excellent. Cinematographer Raoul Coutard's brilliant black-and-white work is given a perfect showcase. Almost all specks and damage have been cleaned up, but not at the expense of the image's filmic structure, which is nicely textured with film grain. I noticed in my online research that there was some controversy about a few shots that had been reversed and/or incorrectly cropped in the 2005 release; those shots appear to have been properly rectified in this release.
The LPCM French mono audio is similarly splendid. Free from hiss, the soundtrack has been flawlessly restored, allowing the dialogue and Georges Delerue's classic music to blend effortlessly. Optional English subtitles.
As I stated above, these are just the copious extras that were already featured on Criterion's 2005 DVD release. But, to recount:
- Audio commentary with co-writer Jean Gruault, frequent Truffaut collaborator Suzanne Schiffman, editor Claudine Bouché, and film scholar Annette Insdorf - This commentary track dates all the way back to Criterion's 1992 laserdisc release of the film. While the track has no lags and is full of good production anecdotes and observations, it kind of feels a bit like an edited NPR radio program more than a moment-by-moment commentary.
- Audio commentary by star Jeanne Moreau with Truffaut biographer Serge Toubiana - This more recent commentary from 2000 is in French, with optional English subtitles, and features Moreau reminiscing while Toubiana moderates. There are sporadic quiet spots while Moreau re-watches moments she hasn't seen in years, but mostly she makes for a great raconteur.
- Truffaut on Roché (7:18) - This is a clip from a 1966 show called Bibliothèque de poche, where Truffaut talks about finding Jules and Jim in a second-hand bookstore, his brief friendship with author Henri-Pierre Roché, and the novel's basis in events from the author's life.
- The Key To Jules and Jim (31:14) - This excerpt from a 1985 documentary goes into more depth about the novel's history, interviewing family and acquaintances who knew the real people who inspired the characters in the novel.
- Cinéastes de notre temps (8:59) - A clip from a 1965 show where Truffaut discusses his particular approach to translating the book to screen.
- L'invité du dimanche (32:01) - This 1969 television clip features Truffaut and briefly Moreau, plus Jean Renoir, being interviewed about their general artistic attitudes as well as Jules and Jim. There's also a stretch of meta-interview where Truffaut is grilled about why he didn't want to be present when Renoir was interviewed. It's all very serious.
- Truffaut and Roud (9:34) - This 1977 clip is credited as Truffaut's first appearance on US TV. Nonetheless, this interview by New York Film Festival director Richard Roud is conducted in French. Topics include Truffaut's lionization amongst American film buffs versus his reception at home.
- AFI's "Dialogue On Film" (29:00) - Excerpts from a 1979 Q&A at the American Film Institute, where Truffaut responds in French with Annette Insdorf beside him to translate into English. This is probably the most charming and laidback of Truffaut's discussions of his own work included here.
- Truffaut and Philippe (28:01) - A 1980 excerpt from a French radio show Le cinéma des cinéastes, hosted by Claude-Jean Philippe. This is also a pretty charming chat. It seems like Truffaut must have gotten less reverent as he got older, making him more able to speak his mind about this whole film business without it all having to be a "statement." This audio-only program is accompanied by a series of stills.
- Interview with Raoul Coutard (19:16) - A 2003 interview shot with the cinematographer of the film specifically for the Criterion Collection. He provides a lot of background on the production of the film, such as the tightknit feeling of the crew, the choice of an "old-fashioned" look, and the choice to shoot the film largely without synchronized sound and have the actors dub their lines later.
- Interview with Jean Gruault (20:48) - This is compilation of outtakes from a 1986 interview that Truffaut's co-writer gave for a German documentary. It's quite enjoyable, with Gruault taking shots at clueless critics and discussing his continued collaboration with Truffaut after Jules and Jim.
- Robert Stam and Dudley Andrew (23:23) - This is a 2004 discussion between two film scholars about the film. They tease out the themes of the film in a surprisingly engrossing fashion.
- Theatrical Trailer
- And, of course, Criterion's inimatable booklet, which based on what I've read online, is missing one article by Pauline Kael that was in the old release, but still has an essay by John Powers, an article by Truffaut on Roché, Truffaut's notes to Gruault about adapting the novel, and lots of lovely stills.
Is it worth the upgrade to Blu-ray? Hell yes. DVD Talk Collector Series.
Justin Remer is a filmmaker, oddball musician, and lifelong movie buff. Check out his new experimental music project, Duck the Piano Wire.