That said, I've found these taut, half-hour, black and white shows from the late 1950s and early '60s to be generally much superior to the later, one-hour (and later still) full color ones. They offer compact, intriguing little scripts that play like short stories, the acting is usually excellent, and the direction and production values are comparable to movie Westerns of the period.
I've sung Gunsmoke's praises many times already, having reviewed the first season, the the second season, volumes 1 and 2, the third seasons, volumes 1, and 2, and the fourth season, volumes 1, and 2. The series has been incredibly, consistently excellent, which is good news for fans and bad news for DVD reviewers trying to come up with something new to say about the show.
This latest volume includes the first 20 episodes of the 1959-60 season, when as the Number show in the Nielsen Ratings, Gunsmoke had a 40.3 rating and a 65 share, numbers unimaginable today. (For instance, the Number 1 show during 2005-06 was American Idol, which had a 17.7 rating and a 27 share.) The 20 episodes are spread over three single-sided, dual-layered DVDs, and as always look great. Sponsor spots are included as an extra feature and, this being the first Gunsmoke release since the death of star James Arness (he died on June 3, at the age of 88), a short tribute video has been included.
As before, U.S. Marshal Matt Dillon (James Arness) and his eccentric, game-leg assistant (not deputy) Chester Goode (Dennis Weaver) are still maintaining the peace in unruly, barely-tamed Dodge City, Kansas. The various gunslingers and cattle rustlers causing Marshal Dillon no end of grief usually can be found drinking and gambling at one of the innumerable saloons. Matt's friend Miss Kitty (Amanda Blake), formerly a (coded) prostitute, is now half-owner of the city's finest, the Long Branch Saloon. She's also its madam, and though the audience doesn't get to see much of that business, it's implied. Matt's line of work often requires the services of cantankerous Doc Adams (Milburn Stone), another close friend of Matt, Chester, and Miss Kitty.
Writer John Meston (1914-1979) was to Gunsmoke what Rod Serling was to Twilight Zone; he penned an incredible 257 episodes of the series during its 20-year run, and that's not counting episodes of the radio show he also wrote (though there was a lot of crossover, apparently). Of the 20 episodes in this set, Meston wrote or co-wrote 17 of them. Two of his favorite devices are the "What's Going On Here?" and "How's Matt Going to Solve/Get Out of This?" structures, with Matt presented with a puzzling situation/irresolvable conflict at the beginning of the episode, and he and other characters working through the mystery which is revealed/resolved, often violently, at the end. A favorite plot Meston did myriad riffs on has cool cucumber Matt withholding judgment on an accused killer's guilt or innocence while all of Dodge City is ready to lynch the accused. Sometimes in these shows the accused is a friend of Matt's, like Chester, sometimes he's a guest star, but always, even with a mountain of evidence stacked against him, Matt remains calm and just. The other three shows, as well as other episodes co-written with Meston, were by Les Crutchfield, a former miner and explosives expert who wrote a comparatively paltry 56 episodes after penning 81 radio shows.
This crop of episodes are generally very well directed, by a mix of talent including TV directors who'd soon be promoted to making movies (Andrew V. McLaglen, Arthur Hiller, Ted Post, Buzz Kulik), onetime movie directors on the way down (Stuart Heisler, R.G. Springsteen, Jean Yarbrough), and a few less easily categorical (Christian Nyby, Jesse Hibbs).
I didn't watch every episode but several stand out. "Kitty's Injury" is an interesting show ever so ambiguously hinting at deeper feelings between Matt and Kitty. When her horse is spooked, Kitty is very seriously injured in the fall and Matt wants to rush back to Dodge to fetch Doc Adams. However, she's terrified at the prospect of being left in the care of a family of Deliverance-types, leaving Matt in a quandary.
Like previous seasons, some of the best episodes fall into one of Meston's two favorite categories. "Horse Deal" is a "How's Matt Going to Solve This?" episode. Locals are furious that a horse thief is repeatedly selling horses stolen from a man named Deesha (Harry Carey, Jr.), while Matt doesn't seem to be doing much about it. "Annie Oakley," a bizarrely named show considering the Western icon doesn't appear and is barely, cryptically alluded to, is a "What's Going On Here?" episode. Plain-looking Kate (Florence MacMichael) is angry when Matt refuses to arrest her neighbor, Mr. Dolliver (John Anderson), who she accuses of murdering her husband (George Mitchell) hours after the two men were seen fighting over her in Dodge. Anderson is particular good as the accused man, and his reactions to Matt's direct questions are subtly played.
Beyond that, it's pretty much business as usual. Star Arness was understandably regarded as a valuable asset by CBS, and that's probably why they gave him more control of the series. Beginning with Season 5 Arness is credited as "Associate Producer" and the show a production of "Arness and Company." Bert Rumsey, the original Sam the bartender, had left the series by this point, but it would be a while before Glenn Strange would take over the part.
Guest stars this half-season include Darryl Hickman, John Carradine, Suzanne Lloyd, Frank DeKova, Karl Swenson, Don Dubbins, James Drury, Josephine Hutchinson, Abel Fernandez, Harry Townes, Gene Nelson, Robert J. Wilke, Jack Elam, Dabbs Greer (in a recurring role), Lew Gallo, John Larch, Richard Eyer, Elisha Cook, Jr., William Phipps, George Selk (also recurring), Simon Oakland, Ed Nelson, Wesley Lau, Vaughn Taylor, Howard McNear, William Fawcett, Larry J. Blake, Wayne Rogers (who knew his career went back that far?), Paul Langton, Madlyn Rhue, Clem Fuller (recurring), Robert Emhardt, Percy Helton, Ross Elliott, Howard Culver, Harry Lauter, Don McGowan, Howard Caine, Gregg Palmer, Milton Selzer, Mary Field, and John Abbott.
Video & Audio
Gunsmoke looks exceptionally good on DVD. Shows are a bit overly grainy (especially during the opening titles, reworked slightly for syndication) but otherwise they're very sharp, very clean. The 20 black and white episodes are spread over three discs, with a total running time of about eight hours and 41 minutes. The Dolby Digital mono (English only) is clean and clear, and the show is closed-captioned. The packaging allows viewers to read the episode descriptions inside the snap case without having to remove any of the discs.
Included is a short but pleasant "James Arness in Memoriam," mostly a montage of clips stretching from the first episode all the way to the last Gunsmoke TV movies from the mid-1990s. Arness's own voice is heard briefly, talking about the character (I think it's excerpted from the 50th Anniversary Collection set), and there's some home movie footage of Arness and Weaver on location, in costume. It's nothing spectacular but kudos to CBS for remembering Arness at all, in this unexpected way.
Also included are sponsor spots for Remington, the electric shavers company, and L&M cigarettes, including a pitch for the smokes from Arness himself.
Another set of musts for Western fans, especially for those who recognize that the half-hour, black-and-white Gunsmokes actually hold up better than the more recent color ones. Taut and movie-like, Gunsmoke is classic American television and Highly Recommended.
Film historian Stuart Galbraith IV's latest book, Japanese Cinema, is on sale now.