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Fire and Ice
Two-Disc Limited Edition

Fire and Ice
Blue Underground
1983 / Color / 1:78 anamorphic 16:9 / 81 min. / Street Date August 30, 2005 / 34.95
Starring Randy Norton, Cynthia Leake,Maggie Roswell, Steve Sandor, Sean Hannon, Stephen Mendel, Leo Gordon, William Ostrander, Eileen O'Reill, Susan Tyrrell
Cinematography Francis Grumman
Costume Design Frank Frazetta
Film Editor A. David Marshall
Original Music William Kraft
Written by Ralph Bakshi, Gerry Conway, Frank Frazetta, Roy Thomas
Produced by Ralph Bakshi, Lynne Betner, John W. Hyde
Directed by Ralph Bakshi

Reviewed by Glenn Erickson

Before anime invaded the mind-space of American youth, sword and sorcery entertainment was limited to Conan the Barbarian and a few hyperactive upstarts like The Beastmaster. Western animation came up with a few oddities such as Heavy Metal but the only cel-and-ink animation director to return repeatedly to the format was Ralph Bakshi. His Fritz the Cat won Bakshi major attention while simultaneously popularizing and trivializing Robert Crumb's underground Comix, and the rather unpleasant Heavy Traffic and Coonskin populated their cartoon worlds with vulgar exaggerations of street hustlers.

The prolific Bakshi then turned to sword and sorcery with Wizards and a feature made of the first two books of Lord of the Rings. Both were underwhelming sagas of good versus evil that borrowed heavily from the graphic style of pulp illustrator Frank Frazetta. For this third and final foray into barbaric magic, Bakshi collaborated directly with the legendary artist. The result is 81 minutes of core Frazetta content - cartoon violence and pre-pubescent eroticism.


Ice sorceress Juliana (Eileen O'Reill Model, Susan Tyrell Voice) drives her demonic son Nekron (Sean Hannon [M], Stephen Mendel [V]) to push his cascading ice avalanche onward to conquer the world. But one domain resists, the Land of Fire to the south. Independent fighters Larn (Randy Norton) and Darkwolf (Steve Sandor) make mincemeat of Nekron's subhuman warriors while trying to keep fire princess Teegra (Cynthia Leake) from falling into Nekron's clutches.

Fire and Ice wasn't marketed exclusively for children but kids comprised most of the audience for this weak fantasy. It was given a PG rating despite its non-stop mayhem and near-nude leading lady, a Bettie Page- like nymph who never receives a bruise no matter how roughly she's treated. The typical sword and sorcery tale has an unlikely blonde hero struggling against awesome forces of evil to regain his rightful throne; Fire and Ice has its royal interludes but spends most of its time in repetitious battles between tight-lipped heroes and scores of Frazetta-inspired troglodytic foot soldiers. They fight in swamps, in trees, on mountaintops. The luscious Teegra, clad only in a few square inches of silk, is kidnapped, rescued, and recaptured. The non-storyline is almost prophetic in its prefiguring of the appeal of the video game ... I tell you, killing those demons/aliens/stormtroopers is hard work.

Among animators, Ralph Bakshi's movies are discussed much less than his use of the rotoscope. Rotoscoping is basically the tracing of pre-shot live-action characters to generate animated figures, and Bakshi was the target of scorn when he copied shots from Sergei Eisenstein's Alexander Nevsky to serve as armies of goblins for Wizards. That artistic 'borrowing' aside, it must be remembered that rotoscoping was being done as soon as animation was born, and that Walt Disney often rotoscoped live-action figures to create characters such as Snow White.

Bakshi's carefully cast 'actors' performed all the fighting and other action we see on the screen, and then were carefully traced into traditional ink 'n paint animated characters. It's obviously not as easy as it looks to render an acceptable graphic from a traced figure, and Bakshi's animators added many details along the way. Traditional animators exaggerate and interpret human characteristics to communicate through their creations; the 'human' animals in Bambi are a prime example of this. The characters in Fire and Ice are embellished with added detail but remain 'xeroxes' of realistic action. Locking animated characters into the physical limitations of what action 'models' can perform seems a waste of graphic possibilities. In Fire and Ice Bakshi is really using animation as a special-effects tool, to create a stylized realist world instead of one based in fantasy design. With today's computers, live-action movies do exactly the same thing, but instead of tracing live action they record it in a way that can be manipulated through computer generated imagery.

Fire and Ice might appeals to young boys who delighted at staring at the grim musclebound warriors and erotically-charged nubile damsels in Frank Frazetta's sex-and-action pulp illustrations. The ferocious heroes are devoid of any thoughts beyond the next knife thrust or axe blow, and the wet-lipped heroine quivers fetchingly but remains chaste throughout. The film is yet another adult feature too infantile to be taken seriously, a kiddie entertainment comprised exclusively of content inappropriate for children.

Blue Underground presents Fire and Ice in a deluxe two-disc set that wisely zeroes in on Frank Frazetta as the hero of the hour. The enhanced transfer brings out the consistently pleasing color schemes in the dark forest settings while revealing a rather high level of animation dust and flecks in the the image. They plague every scene, as if the animation cameraman smoked a cigar and had no ashtray. The audio tracks have been remixed in a full selection of DTS and Dolby stereo configurations. The arresting DVD box sleeve is a lenticular 3D representation of the film's poster artwork.

The prolific Ralph Bakshi uses his commentary to praise his coworkers and discuss his collaboration with Frazetta, who appears to have generated character and costume designs and performed light production chores. Bakshi defends the languishing art of cel animation that, along with most traditional optical effects has been superceded by computer work.

A making-of featurette appears to be a surviving VHS dub of a work print with temporary voiceover and has many examples of live-action shooting. A single second of traced footage appears to take just as much work, perhaps more, than the traditional method. Bakshi's animators even do a few seconds of slow motion for a sword fighting scene. In a new interview featurette, Bakshi lauds his friend Frazetta and waxes nostalgic over the memory of 'interviewing' hundreds of nude models and actresses to play Teegra. An extensive stills gallery accompanies the original trailer. The oddest extra are a gushy set of 'Diary Notes' from actor Sean Hammon, who modeled the evil Lord Nekron. The subjective account uses phrases like, "My tryst with cinema."

A second disc contains a full feature docu called Frazetta: Painting with Fire that would seem to have more potential for multiple viewing than the main event. Amid a generous helping of Frazetta works -- everything from advertising art to movie posters -- are interviews by noted comic artists and writers Dave Stevens, William Stout and Bernie Wrightson. Bakshi is on hand along with director John Milius, whose Conan movie comes straight from the center of the Frazetta universe. The director and producer of the docu contribute a commentary as well -- giving us the feeling that DVDs will soon have commentaries to comment on earlier commentaries.

On a scale of Excellent, Good, Fair, and Poor, Fire and Ice rates:
Movie: Good -- or Fair ++
Video: Excellent
Sound: Excellent English (DTS 6.1 ES), English (Dolby Digital 5.1 EX), English (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround)
Supplements: Commentary by producer/Director Ralph Bakshi; The Making of Fire and Ice; Bakshi on Frazetta; Sean Hannon's Diary Notes; Behind-the-Scenes Still Gallery; Trailer; Frazetta: Painting with Fire (93 minute documentary), with Audio Commentary with Director Lance Laspina and Producer Jeremy J. DiFiore
Packaging: 2 discs in Keep case in lenticular '3-D' sleeve.
Reviewed: October 2, 2005

Republished by permission of Turner Classic Movies.

DVD Savant Text © Copyright 2007 Glenn Erickson

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