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City of God

List Price: $29.99 [Buy now and save at Amazon]

Review by Jeremy Kleinman | posted June 7, 2004 | E-mail the Author
The Movie
Although it arrived in theaters in the United States last winter unaccompanied by the fanfare of other Oscar contenders such as "Master and Commander" and "The Last Samurai," and contains a cast largely unknown in the United States, "City of God" is nevertheless an impressive, innovative film that ranks among the best films released in the United States during 2003.

"City of God" tells the story, through a span of approximately 20 years, of a young boy named Rocket and of the city in which he lives. The film tracks Rocket, as he deals with the problems of normal teenagers and as he becomes increasingly intertwined with the surrounding world of violent crime, despite the fact the each of Rocket's efforts for his intentional entry into the world of violent crime goes comically wrong. Nevertheless, through the eyes of Rocket, we see random criminal acts give rise to a system of organized crime, the consolidation and rise of the drug trade, the genesis of a drug war between rival factions, and a city brought to the brink of peace and then into all-out war. The story is told with impressive cinematography and editing and is highly stylized, with chapter introductions, sharp camera angles and innovative narrative devices from director Fernando Meirelles and co-director Katia Lund.

From the opening scene, "City of God" grips the viewer and never really lets go throughout the film. The opening scenes contain quick cuts showing the sharpening of knives and the cleaning of chicken. Before the viewer is able to get his or her bearings, a runaway chicken leads the viewer directly to Rocket and into a potential gunfight. The film then uses flashback to provide a backstory for Rocket, another young boy named Lil' Dice and their older siblings, setting the stage for the rise of a new boss in the City of God. While the viewer continues to watch the city transform, Rocket also undergoes a transformation as he begins to grow up, worries about the relatively mundane concern of when he would lose his virginity, and soon finds himself surrounded by the drug war. In telling the story of both Rocket and the City, the film pauses to provide backstory for certain characters. An interesting thematic device, after providing a sufficient backstory concerning a character or plot development, director Meirelles will occasionally return to a scene previously included, allowing the viewer to watch the scene with greater knowledge and understanding than they possessed at first viewing.

It must be stressed the "City of God" is absolutely not a film for everyone. The film contains graphic on-screen violence that may be quite difficult for some viewers to watch. In addition, numerous scenes in the film portray children as the perpetrators of crime, the victims of crime, or both. Particularly disturbing is a scene in which a young, maybe twelve-year-old boy has a smile of unbelievable satisfaction as he shoots his gun and kills a number of unarmed individuals. In another memorable, disturbing scene, a young boy, perhaps 8 or 9 years old, shoots a younger boy from close range. Although American blockbusters have operated to desensitize viewers to violence, portrayed violence in a non-bloody or sensationalized way, or have followed violent acts with witty one-liners, by contrast, the violent bloodshed in this film is incredibly stark. Nevertheless, the violence, and its involvement of young children does not appear to be intended to be accomplished for shock value, but rather, to provide a level of realism to the film verified by the documentary described below.

Watching "City of God" is evocative of watching the film "Goodfellas." City of God takes the viewer deep inside the drug trade and crime taking place in the city, without being overbearing or seeking to do so as a means to pass judgment on the characters. Further, many of the individuals in the drug trade are not, at least initially, painted in an objectively negative light. Indeed, the film explicitly references the fact that at one point, violence was largely absent from the city and all of the various ethnic and other groups and factions of the city had been brought together. Similarly, crime and criminal intent are portrayed as largely ubiquitous in the city, and whether individuals fall victim to such crime is, in many cases, beyond their control.

As impressive as the film is, it is made more impressive by the fact that many of the actors and actresses portraying major roles in the film had little or no prior film acting experience. The performances in the film are strong and propel the film forward. These excellent performances are a tribute to the actors themselves and the talents of the director and co-director.

Although a number of potential viewers may elect to pass on "City of God" in light of the fact that the cast is a cast of virtual unknowns and the film is presented in Portuguese, passing up on this film would certainly be a mistake and would deprive the viewer of the opportunity to see one of the great movies of the last two years, as well as the opportunity to see the work of a director with a bright future ahead. Although occasionally a difficult film to watch, those who do watch the film will be greatly rewarded.

The Picture
City of God is presented in Widescreen anamorphic letterbox format with an aspect ration of 1.85:1 and is enhanced for 16X9 televisions. Although the film itself is often gritty, the transfer is a good one as the colors, fleshtones and textures appear accurate throughout the film. The look of the film is a unique one and it is not lost on the transfer to DVD. Also notable are the English subtitles. They are presented in Yellow and always stand out from the images on the screen. At no time during the film were such subtitles obscured.

The Sound
The sound transfer on this DVD is in Dolby Digital 5.1 Surround Sound. Although the dialogue is in Portuguese, the dialogue sounded clear and distinct. Similarly, background sound was rich throughout the movie, placing the viewer in the center of the action taking place on screen. Additional Materials
Although this film screams for a director's commentary track, it is not provided. Indeed as Fernando Meirelles continues to develop as a filmmaker and gain popularity (Meirelles is currently slated to direct an English-language film called "The Constant Gardener" (source-, it is hoped that this DVD will be revisited with a special edition complete with commentary track. The Special Features on this DVD are limited to previews for Miramax films "Dirty Pretty Things" and "The Magdalene Sisters" and an hour-long documentary "News From a Personal War." The documentary focuses on the real drug wars and drug trade in Rio de Janeiro, providing a look at the history of the drug trade and drug wars and featuring interviews with many individuals who have either been involved with it or affected by it. The subjects of these interviews include police officers engaged in the fight on drug trafficking to the drug runners and dealers themselves and also offer interviews with mothers and children affected by the drug trade. As stark as the film itself may be, the documentary drives home the fact that the violence is not used as a thematic element for "shock value," but remains a constant, present element of the world captured by the film. Those who may rent this film and then return it without watching the documentary will have shortchanged their viewing experience considerably.

Final Thoughts
As stated above, the violence of the film, especially violence at the hands of, or involving, young children may make this film a difficult film for some to watch. Unlike so many contemporary violent films, however, the violence in this film is neither sensationalized, nor provided for shock value or entertainment value. Although the film is certainly not for everyone, the film is quite well made and provides viewers both a compelling slice of life of what seems to be a world away and provides the viewer an opportunity to experience the work of a visionary of a director headed for great things.

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Highly Recommended

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