Release List Reviews Price Search Shop Newsletter Forum DVD Giveaways Blu-Ray/ HD DVD Advertise
DVD Talk
Reviews & Columns
International DVDs
Reviews by Studio
Video Games

Collector Series DVDs
Easter Egg Database
DVD Talk Radio
Feature Articles

Anime Talk
DVD Savant
HD Talk
Horror DVDs
Silent DVD

discussion forum
DVD Talk Forum

DVD Price Search
Customer Service #'s
RCE Info



Dial M for Murder

Dial M for Murder
Warner DVD
1954 / Color / 1:37 flat full frame / 104 min. / Street Date September 7, 2004 / 19.96
Starring Ray Milland, Grace Kelly, Robert Cummings, John Williams, Anthony Dawson
Cinematography Robert Burks
Art Direction Edward Carrere
Film Editor Rudi Fehr
Original Music Dimitri Tiomkin
Written by Frederick Knott from his play
Produced and Directed by Alfred Hitchcock

Reviewed by Glenn Erickson

Hitchcock always said he filmed Dial M for Murder straight because he admired the incredibly tight construction of Frederick Knott's play and didn't want to crudely open it up - see The Caine Mutiny for and example of that. Hitchcock's respect for the material energized his creative juices to augment and support it for the screen, a perfect arrangement for a director so skilled in visual communication.

With its fine set of star performances, this is one of the best entertainments from the Master of Suspense.


Tired of living on an allowance in a small flat, Tony Wendice (Ray Milland) devises a complicated plot to murder his wife Margot (Grace Kelly) for her money. He blackmails an old acquaintance named Swan (Anthony Dawson) to do the deed while he develops an alibi. When the murder plot goes totally wrong, Tony has to concoct another plan - to frame his wife for murder!

People who sneer at filmed plays should give Dial M for Murder a close look as it's probably the best adapted stage play ever done. Hitchcock keeps the action confined mostly to a pair of rooms. A trial sequence is done in straight-on single shots of Grace Kelly with expressionistic lighting. Even the exteriors are mostly rear-projections, a depthless outdoors that keeps things claustrophobic.

Four perfect actors inhabit the key roles. This is probably Ray Milland's best movie, as the scheming Tony Wendice is perfectly adapted to Milland's urbane dryness. He's intelligent, crafty, and knows exactly how to show his inner tension whenever the other actors turn their backs to him.

John Williams has a field day in the best role ever written for a snooty detective, Inspector Hubbard of Scotland Yard. He asks questions, shows his dismay at troublesome witnesses, and cooks up a proof of Margot's innocence as if inspired by the ghost of Sherlock Holmes. Dry English wit as delivered by Williams often isn't as witty as it should be, but Dial M for Murder allows him a character instead of the usual refined attitude and smart but empty dialogue.  1

Anthony Dawson is a fine sympathetic killer and is really the victim of the piece. His villainy gains a special tension when we find ourselves rooting for him in the big murder scene. Hitchcock often takes advantage of difficult tasks to make us identify with unsavory characters, and Dawson is creepy enough to make us very nervous.

Robert Cummings's performace has been disparaged as unromantic and uncharismatic, but I find him a perfect bland hero for the beautiful but icy Grace Kelly. Kelly is a bit like Nicole Kidman - a great looker capable of playing particular roles well, but cold around the heart. I never for a minute liked or believed The Country Girl. In Dial M for Murder she's Hitchcock's perfect trophy blonde, much more than a mannequin but still playing the glamorous, helpless female as a stock part.

They're all stock parts, really. Dial M for Murder doesn't try to do a postmodern post- mortem on the chamber mystery the way Sleuth does, but it's possibly the most adept straight chamber mystery we've got. The villain is diabolical and the hero detective has to be diabolically clever to catch him. That leaves the romantic couple as supporting accessories. Margot Wendice and Mark Halliday are adulterous lovers, which doesn't make them villains but also doesn't build much sympathy for them. Although jealousy isn't Tony's main motive for his perfect crime, being cuckolded always has appeal.

Dial M for Murder is a mechanical play. We listen to all the scheming and counter-scheming in the first person. Several sections of the play are devoted to acting out murder scenarios, before and after the fact. Only an Agatha Christie fan can keep up, even with Hitchcock's help in placing relevant objects and clues right under our noses. Neither he nor the play cheat, withhold evidence or play narrative tricks ... no "lying flashbacks" here.

Hitchcock lays out a murder plan like a rehearsal for D-Day complete with overhead analysis of the battlefield, one small apartment. When that murder falls apart we have just enough information to follow Tony's quickly-improvised Plan B, yet not nearly enough to intuit Inspector Hubbard's inspired retaliatory scheme. Hitchcock must have been challenged to stay ahead of it himself, and I confess to not having it all figured out either. It's just too much fun to be carried away by the show.

Perhaps driven batty by David O. Selznick, Hitchcock spent six years or so playing with visual gimmicks and offbeat techniques, sometimes for their own sake. For Rope and Under Capricorn he experimented with long takes and complicated dolly shots that mostly impressed other filmmakers. In Stage Fright and I Confess he tried to push the narrative language of film to show a secondary reality, with flashbacks from 'unreliable' flash-backing witnesses. Those didn't work so well. He also made time to see what he could do with color stylization.

Dial M for Murder tackles both color and a real gimmick, 3-D. His is probably the best 3-D picture ever made simply because the depth illusion is built into the design of every shot. Only a couple of objects project out into the audience but everything else in the movie is designed in depth. Shots are often low-angled to show pieces of ceiling beyond, and every composition has a foreground object (in dialogue scenes, usually a table lamp) to balance the frame and provide something for us to 'look past' to see the actors. When the camera moves in Kiss Me Kate we feel like we're going for a roller coaster ride. In Hitchcock's picture we glide through a space with characters who seem to be in a living 3-D Viewmaster image. If anything, the 3-D effects are sublimated; I've seen the show projected well in depth and it makes it even harder to concentrate on the mystery.

Dimitri Tiomkin contributes a nervous, romantic score that makes good use of the brassy Warner Brothers orchestra. It's said that Warners' music tracks were unusually impressive in the middle fifties because of the way the music was arranged and recorded. It was also mixed hotter than usual.

Last observation - the actual murder scene with the pair of scissors never seemed right to me. Maybe Margot Wendice is a powerful tennis player but penetrating a man's back at that angle is like stabbing a telephone pole, from the other side. How can she get any power behind the scissors? Perhaps Hitchcock realized this when he followed up the shot with a painfully graphic angle of the victim being impaled by his own weight when he falls. Ooof. One look at that convinces everyone.

Hitch must have been censor-proof by this time. If one does not know the film, its poster artwork makes it look as though Grace Kelly is being raped, not choked. I can't help but think that the director approved the campaign while envying the role given Anthony Dawson. Hitchcock was far too portly to 'rehearse' the scene with Kelly, to show his actors how to do it.

Warners' DVD of Dial M for Murder has a snappy color transfer of this flat full frame film. Actually, the full frame is a matter of interpretation, as the title credit blocks are clearly formatted for 1:66, and the trailer included as an extra is matted at 1:66 as well. I understand that a lot of 3-D films were projected 1:33 for simplicity's sake, but it didn't have to be so. At any rate, despite a little looseness at the top of the frame, the show looks fine at this ratio.  2

The extras are basic but good. The Laurent Bouzereau docu uses critics as spokesmen because everyone associated with the film is long gone. The added short 3-D A Brief History does the format a disservice by claiming that people hated 3-D or derived terrible eyestrain from it. Part of that rap came from CinemaScope flacks, and some from the fact that the system was indeed unwieldy to work with. And, I suppose audiences did have to sit up straight and keep those glasses on. 3-D failed because it didn't translate into extra profit for exhibitors. Most 3-D movies were lousy because the producers depended on the gimmick to make up for production shortcomings, like Anne Bancroft being carried away by a guy in an ape suit. Also, exhibitors figured out the perfect system when they dropped individual nickelodeons in favor of projection. Patrons in huge numbers only had to park their bodies in a seat to enjoy the show. The glasses were an added factor that required organization and attention. 50s movie houses were palaces of patron concern compared to the anonymous boxes we have today, but the exhibitors liked to keep things simple back then as well. There were always problems, like people who couldn't see the picture properly, complaining loudly for their money back.

Finally, with all the technology we have and the interest in 3-D, why aren't the big companies engineering 3-D DVDs of them? That's a lot simpler to answer. The studios don't want the grief either. There are good video 3-D systems but that would require a studio to invest in somebody else's technology. The only time that ever happened was with Fox's CinemaScope, which was so popular all the studios had to play ball. Everybody wants to own the player and the software and the underlying technology.  3

Also, frankly, the studios figure they're constrained enough by enthusiasts who want letterboxing and 16:9 transfers, and don't want to complicate the market with 3-D. There's not enough money in it, didn't you hear?

On a scale of Excellent, Good, Fair, and Poor, Dial M for Murder rates:
Movie: Excellent
Video: Excellent
Sound: Excellent
Supplements: two featurettes, trailer
Packaging: Keep case
Reviewed: September 17, 2004


1. They don't even try to do drawing room mysteries any more. In Gosford Park the mystery and the detective are a shallow joke, as nobody's really trying to solve anything - they might as well call themselves the Sweep it Under the Carpet Squad.

2. At the big 2003 3-D festival at the Egyptian last year, all the films were shown 1:37 for obvious reasons - setting up the projector alignment is difficult enough, usually requiring several hours even with experienced personnel. That's why GOG and Revenge of The Creature were shown 1:37 even though they want to be much wider. When I saw Dial M for Murder at the Tiffany 3-D festival in 1979 it was 1:37 and looked fine there too. I did see It Came from Outer Space in full polaroid 3-D at about 1:66 or so and it was much improved by the cropping.

3. It's similar to the Microsoft-FCC model for stifling innovation. That's the same reason we got stuck with the lousy NTSC (Never Twice the Same Color) television standard and can't settle on a decent future HDTV standard. Competition doesn't work when some involved are disproportionately powerful.

DVD Savant Text © Copyright 2007 Glenn Erickson

Advertise With Us

Review Staff | About DVD Talk | Newsletter Subscribe | Join DVD Talk Forum
Copyright © All rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use

Release List Reviews Price Search Shop SUBSCRIBE Forum DVD Giveaways Blu-Ray/ HD DVD Advertise