Silent DVD Archive
The Jazz Singer and Robert Youngson
Well, it's been a busy week. After plowing through the excellent four disc Treasures III set last week I jumped into some more silent films on DVD. There're only two reviews this time around, but they're both really good sets that are worth picking up so I thought I'd put the column up early. First off is a pair of Robert Youngson's silent comedy compilations that have been released as The First Kings of Comedy Collection. This single disc presents Youngson's first two features The Golden Age of Comedy and When Comedy Was King. Youngson was pretty much responsible for keeping silent comedies alive through the 60's and 70's and these films are still great fun.
The other title this time around is The Jazz Singer. This three disc set is amazing. Not only does it have the famous film but there are also dozens of early sound shorts and several documentaries on the genesis of synchronized sound. This is one of the few films that I can think of where the extras alone are worth the purchase price.
There's not too much news. As I mentioned last time, Kino is putting out a restored version of Nosferatu, and that I'll review that in the next column, tentatively out in a couple of weeks. They also surprised me by releasing another 'Lubitsch in Berlin' disc. This one features The Doll from 1919 and a new documentary on the director appropriately entitled Lubitsch in Berlin. It should be pretty good and I'll have a review of that in the next installment too.
For more information on upcoming discs, check out last week's column.
Sometimes it's easy to take for granted how easy film buffs have it nowadays. With DVDs, VHS tapes, the Internet, and 100 cable channels if you want to watch a particular film, it's usually pretty easy to do so. I remember growing up in the late 60's/early 70's however and desperately yearning to be able to see certain movies. I would spend hours pouring over the pages of Famous Monsters of Filmland (the original version, not the crap that Ray Ferry puts out) and wishing that I could see some of the films that were being discussed. Of course those movies would occasionally turn up on late night TV or the Saturday Afternoon Creature Feature, not so with silent films. For decades it was nearly impossible to see any silent features or shorts, unless you were lucky enough to live in a town with a revival theater, and even then you were usually limited to catching Nosferatu and The Hunchback of Notre Dame around Halloween. That's where Robert Youngson comes into the picture.
Silent movies were all but forgotten in the public mind by 1958. That year Robert Youngson put out The Golden Age of Comedy, his first compilation movie of gags culled from old comedy shorts and it was a big success. He followed it up with When Comedy was King a year later. By 1970 Youngson had created eight feature lenght compilations and almost single handedly revived interest in the comedies of the silent era. Not only did he remind people that these films were funny, he made them available. Now these two earliest Youngson films are available (at long last) on a single DVD.
Both of these films present the early comedies in the same way: the take the funniest scenes from a short, add narration to set up the scene, and let the comedy unfold. These excerpts are presented with full orchestrated music and some well placed sound effects. The narration is often useful, but can get a bit tiresome when Youngson tries to add some verbal comedy. These jokes always pale in comparison to the action on screen.
The Golden Age of Comedy was intended to be a short, but when Youngson came to an agreement with Hal Roach Studios and gained access to their library, the idea was expanded to a full length feature. This first feature includes clips of Ben Turpin, Billy Bevan, and Charley Chase. There's an extended sequence featuring Will Rogers where he parodies Hollywood movies. Taken from both Big Moments from Little Pictures and Uncensored Hollywood these are the funniest bits from Rogers 2-reel period with Roach all strung together. He does a wonderful skewering of Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood, and his Tom Mix sketch, including over-sized hat and a horse that can outrun cars, is hilarious. Carole Lombard also has some time on screen with an excerpt from Run, Girl, Run (thanks to Harry H. for coming up with the name!) where she plays a track athlete who would rather powder her nose than run a race, much to her coach's dismay.
The highlights of the film are the Laurel and Hardy sections. The Boys, as they were known, really steal the show. The pie fight scene from Battle of the Century (probably the best scene of its kind ever shot) is included, as well as bit where they escape from jail in The Second Hundred Years dressed as painters and have to convince a suspicious police officer that they really are workmen. They do this, naturally, by painting: a car, the street, store windows, and even a woman's backside. There's also an extended scene from one of their best films, Two Tars. Youngson was wise enough to include the whole traffic jam scene were Stan and Ollie, playing two sailors on shore leave, get into a battle with other drivers when they try to cut in line. The escalating violence is truly outragous.
The next film, When Comedy was King, was just as hilarious. This time the Charlie Chase film Movie Night is used as a framing sequence to present the clips, which is a good idea and works very well. This time some of the bigger names in silent film are featured, and the movie starts off with some of Charlie Chaplin's work that he did while he was at Keystone. There's the famous snippet from 1914's Kid Auto Races at Venice where Chaplin first tries on the big shoes, tight pants, and a cane that he would eventually turn into "The Tramp" as well as other clips from his early days in film. These aren't Chaplin's best bits, but Youngson didn't have access to Chaplin's features and other shorts.
Buster Keaton gets a section in this film. His funniest short, Cops, is shown nearly in its entirety. This laugh-out-loud funny picture has Buster accidentally throwing a bomb at the mayor during a police parade. With the entire force after him, it's up to Keaton's nimble body and mind to outsmart and out think the coppers. It's interesting to note that during this short Youngson names Keaton as one of the three great comic talents of the silent age. While that's not surprising at all, the fact that Harry Langdon is on the list along with Charlie Chaplin is.
Once again Laurel and Hardy steal the film with an extended clip (nearly complete as far as I can tell) from Big Business. This is the film where the boys are door-to-door Christmas tree salesmen (as if that wasn't absurd enough in and of itself...) who get into a battle with James Finlayson when he snubs them. Like with Two Tars, the violence escalates at a rapid pace until Finlayson's house lay in ruins. One interesting note about this short: The story may be apocryphal, but according to Hollywood legend, Roach made an agreement to film this movie at a house that was going to be demolished. They let loose breaking windows and generally trashing the place and it wasn't until the homeowner arrived that they discovered that they were at the wrong house.
Like the first film, this one is filled with laughs and some classic
slapstick. (I loved the Snub Pollard clips...he deserved more recognition.)
Together these films are a great introduction to the world of silent comedy.
The full frame video quality was very good over all. Youngson had access to the Hal Roach vaults and most of the clips look great. The contrast is superb, the image sharp, and the level of detail excellent. The blacks are generally solid and there isn't any blooming and details don't disappear when a shadow falls over someone. Yes, there is some print damage to some of the films, spots and the occasional scratch, and one segment, a Will Rogers clip, had started to deteriorate just slightly but these were fairly rare, especially when taking into consideration that this film was compiled before computer restoration was even a valid concept, much less a reality.
There are some slight digital artifacts in the films. There's a touch of dot crawl on the opening titles to both films, but it is very minor. In the second feature there is a problem with digital noise however. This is most notable in the wide shots of the theater screen that opens each chapter of the film. The walls jiggle and move like they are alive. Though it is present in several spots, it never gets to be a distraction.
Since the image looked so good, I was surprised at the mediocre quality of the audio tracks. Granted these were recorded nearly 50 years ago, but I was expecting a bit more. The two channel mono soundtracks to both films had very little range with both the highs and lows being clipped. This was most evident in the music that accompanied the shorts. What's worse is that there was distortion in more than one scene with the narrator's voice cracking and words sounding slurred. In all probability this was on the master that was used for the transfer, but it's still unfortunate.
I was really disappointed that there weren't any extras on this disc. A couple of silent shorts featuring Billy Bevan or Ben Turpin would have been great.
These two films went a long way towards keeping silent comedy, and silent comedians, alive through the sixties and seventies. Filled with hilarious slapstick, these are both great films that give a great overview of some of the many comic stars from the early days of film. Not just focusing on Keaton, Chaplin, and Laurel and Hardy, there are also clips from many lesser known but nearly as talented clowns as Snub Pollard, Harry Langdon, Billy Bevan, Andy Clyde, and Ben Turpin. A great collection that is well worth the price of admission. Highly Recommended.
On October 6th, 1927 the death knell of silent films was sounded. On that date the first feature film with synchronized dialog was released: Warner Brothers' The Jazz Singer. Had the film been a flop, talkies may have been pushed back a few more years, but it was a hit and soon all the major studios were rushing to release sound films. Of course the change didn't happen over night, and it took years to covert theaters over to sound (especially in the middle of the US) but the writing was on the wall.
In honor of the revolutionary film's eightieth anniversary, WB has released The Jazz Singer in a very attractive package that's filled with extras. Not only has the film been restored, but this three disc set has a new feature length documentary on the origins of sound film, early Vitaphone movies, an excellent commentary, and a host of other shorts. This is a very impressive set.
The men of the Rabinowitz family have been cantors for generations. Jakie Rabinowitz (Bobby Gordon and later Al Jolson) loves to sing, but not the boring old traditional songs, he loves jazz. His father (Warner Oland) can't believe that his offspring would turn his back on the church to become a jazz singer and after a nasty fight Jakie storms out and leaves home.
Years pass. Jakie has changed his name to Jack Robin and works the vaudeville circuits. He's talented and had started to become an in-demand performer. He meets Mary Dale (May McAvoy) another up and coming talent, and she manages to get Jack a Broadway gig! Returning to New York, Jack goes home for the first time since he was a kid. His mother is overjoyed and he sings her a song, but when his father walks in things get icy. The elder Rabinowitz is still not ready to forgive his son, and kicks him out of the house once again.
The opening night of Jack's big Broadway debut arrives, but the singer learns some dreadful news. His father has fallen seriously ill and can't sing on the eve of Yom Kippur, one of the most sacred Jewish holidays. Family friends beg Jack to sing in his father's place that evening, which puts the man in a tight spot. Is his first allegiance to his family and religion or to his career and show business?
Even people with only a passing interest in film know that The Jazz Singer was the first 'talkie' but what surprises most people is that there are intertitles. This film is really a hybrid, a silent movie with some synchronized sound songs added in. Many people in Hollywood envisioned sound as only being used during musical numbers. After all, there's no need for people to talk, we can still use intertitles. That would also make the movies easier to sell overseas, since it is much, much easier to translate intertitles than to dub a film in another language.
This wasn't even the first talking film that was commercially released. WB had released some shorts with their Vitaphone system and these mainly consisted of bands playing popular songs, and Don Juan (1926) had an all-music Vitaphone soundtrack with sound effects. The thing that set this movie apart was that it was a feature with synchronized dialog. Jolson ad-libbed a lot of his lines and director Alan Crosland wisely left it in. His impromptu "Wait a minute. Wait a minute, you ain't heard nothin' yet!" has gone down in music history.
Aside from the history, how is it as a film? Actually not bad. It isn't a great movie and doesn't compare to Metropolis, The General, or Sunrise, which were also released in 1927, but it's a solid film. Though it is sappy and maudlin in parts, the movie works well. It's easy to identify with Jack's dilemma and the character is so happy-go-lucky through most of the film that the section where he's more morose really drives the point home. Jolson is a decent actor but his songs are the high point of the film. They are entertaining and enjoyable and elevate the film from an average feature to something special. Yes the ending is a bit of a stretch, but the movie is a lot of fun to watch, especially when you consider the impact it must have had in 1927.
This film comes in a jam-packed three disc set. The discs are housed in a fold-out case with each disc getting its own page. The printed booklets come in a pair of holders and all of this fits into a very attractive heavy board slipcase.
The mono soundtrack sounds fine for an old Vitaphone recording. Of course due to the technology available at the time, the range is very limited and the sound isn't very full. The audio track has been refurbished and though there is some background noise it isn't as obtrusive as it could be. There's a touch of distortion in some of the talking bits, but the songs sound fine. For a film that's 80 years old, I really can't complain.
The full frame image has been restored and it looks great. The contrast is very good with nice deep blacks and a full range of grey tones. Details are strong, even minor ones are well defined. There are a few missing frames scattered through the movie and some very minor print damage that doesn't affect the viewing experience. On the digital side of things, there is more mosquito noise than I was expecting in the picture, but this isn't a major concern. Aliasing, blocking, and other common compression artifacts aren't a problem.
This release sets a new standard for extras on early films. The three discs are overflowing with quality bonuses. One disc one, along with the movie itself, there's a commentary track by film preservationist Ron Hutchison and Nighthawks Bandleader Vince Giordano. I really enjoy most commentaries by historians, and this one in no exception. The pair is very knowledgeable about early sound films in general and this one in particular and goes into some detail about the movie. What's even more impressive is that it's entertaining as well as informative. After you've seen the film, you need to listen to this commentary.
Also on disc one is Al Jolson singing in black face in an early talkie short, A Plantation Act (1926). He sings some popular songs acting as the happy-go-lucky, hard working Negro who doesn't have a care in the world. This is pretty offensive by today's standards, but historically interesting. Next up is the rather unwieldy titled An Intimate Dinner in Celebration of Warner Bros. Silver Jubilee. Mr. and Mrs. Warner Brothers are celebrating their 25th anniversary with their daughter Little Miss Vitaphone. (No really, that's what it's about.) All of the WB stars make an appearance including Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Edward G. Robinson, Joe E. Brown, and Walter Huston. There's the Tex Avery cartoon, I Love to Singa, which is a parody of The Jazz Singer from 1936, and the radio version of the movie as presented on the Lux Radio Theater in 1947.
The 1938 musical short Hollywood Handicap is also included, directed by none other than Buster Keaton. At this point in his career, everyone had pretty much given up on the comic genius. After making some shorts for the poverty row studio Educational Pictures, Keaton directed a couple of shorts at MGM. This was the first, and it is pretty uninspired. This is another all-star feature, with several movie stars briefly appearing in the stands at the race (including Al Jolson). The plot, what little there is of involves a group of singers who are given a top race horse by their boss for their loyal service to him over the years. All they need to do is raise some money to get the entry fee for a handicap race. That's a little harder to do than they thought. Al Jolson turns up in the stands once again in A Day at Santa Anita, a 1938 Technicolor short. The first disc is rounded off with a set of six trailers to Jolson films.
If that was all of the bonus material, I would have been very happy. But there's more, a lot more. Disc two starts off with a feature length documentary on sound entitled The Dawn of Sound: How Movies Learned to Talk. This is an excellent overview of the people and inventions that led to the first talking pictures. While it doesn't include many of the early attempts that were little more than lab curiosities (for those see the documentary Learning to Talk available on the Discovering Cinema collection.) it does cover all the major inventions and players and discusses the two major systems that were developed, Vitaphone, basically a record synchronized with the film, and Movietone, a sound on film process developed by Theodore Case. Film historians, scholars, and people who were in the movie industry at the time tell the story in an engaging and entertaining manner.
The rest of the disc is taken up with earlier documentaries on the beginnings of sound. The Voice from the Screen (1926) discusses the technical aspects of making talkies, (this film was originally presented to the New York Society of Electrical Engineers), Finding His Voice (1929), is an animated explanation of sound on film, and The Voice That Thrilled the World (1943) looks back at the invention of sound films. Okay for Sound (1946) has Warner Brother's patting themselves of the back for bringing synchronized sound to the public 20 years earlier, and When the Talkies Were Young (1955) is an early Robert Youngson short that looks at the late 20's and early 30's. There are also two excerpts from Gold Diggers of Broadway (1929). Unfortunately the film is lost except for these clips.
Disc three is devoted to early talkies. Over three and a half hours worth! Most of these are musical shorts, but they're oddly compelling and a lot of fun to watch. They include:
Janis in a Vaudeville Act: "Behind the Lines"
Included with the discs are some nice printed items too. There's a reproduction of a telegram that Al Jolson sent Jack Warner after the premier, a 20-page souvenir program, a 12-page booklet promoting Vitaphone, 10 postcards with production stills, and yet another booklet that has pages from the shooting script as well as a listing of what's included on the DVDs. A very nice package indeed.
Warner Brothers went all out for this 80th anniversary release of The Jazz Singer. The restored image looks very good, but even more impressive than the film itself are the copious extras. The dozens of shorts, feature length documentary, and engaging commentary track are worth the price of the set along. A good film that's also historically important, this set is Highly Recommended.
Comments? Suggestions? Feel free to send me an e-mail.
The 2013 San Francisco Silent Film Festival
The 2009 San Francisco Silent Film Festival
Douglas Fairbanks - A Modern Musketeer
The General - Kino's Ultimate 2-Disc Edition